[Report] FATA Tribes: Finally Out of Colonial Clutches? Past, Present and Future

Authors:  Farooq Yousaf , Haroon Rasheed,  Imtiaz Gul

Edited by: Zeeshan Salahuddin and Syeda Uruba Nisar

Executive Summary:

This report – part of the Center for Research and Security Studies (CRSS) special publications series – provides a brief introduction to the history, culture, traditions and demographics of the ethnic Pashtun tribes inhabiting the north-western border regions of Pakistan. The 27,220 square kilometre area inhabited by these tribes is historically known as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and, until May 2018, had been governed by the Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCR). Since then, Pakistan’s parliament has approved the merger of FATA into the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and they are no longer subject to governance informed by British colonial-era legacy.[1] The focus of this report is on the tribes, sub-tribes and notable families residing in the seven administrative units known as Agency (districts) that make up FATA. This report also looks at the traditions, cultural norms, and various traditional conflict mitigation and resolution mechanisms that these Pashtun tribes have practiced for centuries. An overview of economic, demographic, and geopolitical dimensions of FATA is also provided.

Please see the full PDF here.



[1]This report was compiled much before the constitutional changes to the status of FATA. Efforts have been made to keep the report as much updated as possible. Yet, there may still be some references / description of the stakeholders or their respective roles in the present tense. Also, for the ease of understanding, even though the tribal areas are still in process of merger with the KP province, the report will use the commonly known term FATA when discussing the tribal areas.

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